The Oriya script developed from the Kalinga script, one of the many descendents of the Brahmiscript of ancient India. The earliest known inscription in the Oriya language, in the Kalinga script, dates from 1051. The curved appearance of the Oriya script is a result of the practice of writing on palm leaves, which have a tendency to tear if you use too many straight lines.
Type of writing system: syllabic alphabet in which all consonants have an inherent vowel. Diacritics, which can appear above, below, before or after the consonant they belong to, are used to change the inherent vowel.
When they appear the the beginning of a syllable, vowels are written as independent letters. When certain consonants occur together, special conjunct symbols are used which combine the essential parts of each letter. Direction of writing: left to right in horizontal lines.