Bosnian is a South Slavic language spoken mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina by about 2.2 million people. On a formal level, Bosnian began to emerge as a distinct language after the break up of Yugoslavia in the 1990s.
It became one of official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1994, along with Croatian and Serbian.
Bosnian is written with both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. Historically it was written with a version of the Cyrillic alphabet known as Bosnian Cyrillic from the late 10th century.
This alphabet was only used in Bosnia. During the Ottoman era Bosnian was written with a version of the Arabic alphabet.